Beds are everywhere. Although millions own at least one, very few fully understand the privilege they provide. Beds, like most things, have changed and improved throughout the course of history. So, what did our common, comfortable beds resemble before modern achievements shaped today’s culture? Truly, to appreciate what is offered today, (because there is always a lesson in history,) we must recognize it’s beginning. To believe that modern comforts have always existed is wrong. Providing an underappreciated blessing, a bed is a perfect example of a privilege which took centuries to arise.
Although taken for granted today, beds were very rare and expensive assets in the past. In medieval times, the most common resting place was a pile of hay and perhaps a sheet. From the 13th century until recent history, more luxurious beds were made, but unfortunately, were only available to the noble and wealthy. These beds consisted of a wooden bed frame and a possibly lumpy mattress, which was supported by ropes fastened and tightened to the frame. Hardly affordable, these expensive pieces of furniture were topped with the best pillows, sheets, blanketsand quilts, while being surrounded by exquisite canopies or curtains. These canopies were decorative as well as useful. Dropping from the ceiling or climbing from the floor, bed bugs living in and around the bed proved a constant threat. These canopies warded them off. Despite their expense and usefulness, even these luxurious beds still had flaws. Mattresses and pillowswere made from straw, cotton or feathers stuffed in a bag. Sadly, this caused scratchy or lumpy surfaces. These ancient beds resulted in the popular term “hit the hay.” While these beds were highly prized in the past, they were nothing compared to the improvements to come.
This design prevailed for centuries. Throughout history, very few aspects of the bed changed. Eventually, improvements developed with the idea of bedsprings. Although invented in the 1870’s, they weren’t manufactured and sold for many years. Providing wonderful, novel comfort, these springs removed the loathed lumps which had prevented a satisfying night’s sleep. Also invented in the 19th century, the metal bed frame proved inhospitable to bed bugs, while wood frames were weakened by them. The new bed frame would continue to support up to 10 layers of sheets, blankets, quilts and more at that time. Resulting from countless, uncomfortable nights, a flawed design was ultimately changed.